Diabetes mellitus (DM) imposes a serious treat to vision. Individuals with DM should get complete eye examination on a yearly basis. DM affects the entire body especially eyes, it causes retinopathy which includes hemorrhages and nerves swelling. This effects are easily missed if the eye is not examine.
Symptoms include blurred central vision, refractive error in mild cases early cataract and blindness in severe cases.
- Vision Test
- Optical Coherent Tomography Scan
- Intra-ocular Pressure
Management depends on the stage of Diabetic Retinopathy:-
- Focal/Grid laser
- Intraocular Anti Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (Anti VEGF)
- Intraocular Steroids